The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) was established by the Government of India on 3rd February 1947 under the Ministry of Agriculture and later shifted to the ICAR in 1967. During the course of over 75 years, the Institute has emerged as a leading tropical marine fisheries research institute globally. The research efforts by the Institute, during the first half of the five decades of its existence, contributed significantly to India s marine fisheries development from a predominantly artisanal, sustenance fishery till the early sixties to that of a multi-gear, multispecies fishery. During 1990s, a major part of the research effort was diverted towards sea farming and coastal mariculture and this effort paid rich dividends in the form of viable farm and hatchery technologies for shrimp, edible oyster, mussel, clam and seaweeds and marine pearls developing human resources in mariculture through UNDP/FAO funded Postgraduate Programme in Mariculture (PGPM), offering Masters and PhD courses. Subsequently, CMFRI began to undertake research in new areas like marine finfish farming, biotechnology, genetics and biodiversity. Along with this, fisheries management plans for each maritime state were formulated and the institute addressed climate change issues affecting coastal habitats and fishers. The prestigious Sardar Patel ICAR Outstanding Institution Award 2019 was bestowed on CMFRI. With this coveted recognition coming our way for the second time, we continue to enjoy a place in the elite club of select ICAR Institutes.